The IHE company has carried out comprehensive environmental and social studies in accordance with Ivorian legislation, the Operational Safeguards of the African Development Bank (AfDB) as well as the performance standards of the International Finance Corporation (IFC). These studies, led by international experts, include an Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) as well as a Relocation Action Plan (PAR).
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTRevegetation and restoration of forests (compensatory reforestation)
The revegetation of all the areas left bare as a result of the works and which will not be used during the operation phase is a very important action. Revegetation will limit soil erosion, restore the landscape and fight against the establishment and spread of invasive alien species. This measure was coupled with compensatory reforestation. The latter aims to restore 384 normative hectares of forests. Better still, the PAHSA is committed to restoring 700 hectares of forests in the project area, which could constitute a refuge area favorable to forest flora and fauna species, in order to compensate for the loss and degradation of their habitat. The major objective of this restoration program is to return to a forest-type vegetation cover made up of a diversity of native tree species. This involved setting up a nursery of around 300,000 plants of 16 species. This activity made it possible to hire more than 500 people on a work-study basis for the production of plants, through the collection of seeds of native sun-loving species and the implementation of germination tests. For the year 2020, IHE has identified, reforested and maintained more than 300 hectares in the rural area of the project. For this year 2021, the target of 300 hectares has been set and start-up work is underway. These restoration actions were defined in collaboration and in partnership with local communities. They are involved in the actions of setting up nurseries, monitoring and managing reforested plots in the long term. This program is partnered with the Reforestation and Forest Cadastre Directorate (DRCF) of MINEF and the Ivorian Development and Forestry Company (EIAFOR).Safeguard fishing
The safeguard fishery consisted in capturing as many fish as possible before the construction of the left bank cofferdam and then translocating vulnerable species (Mormyrus subundulatus, etc.) in a favorable environment. This measure will ensure their survival. Fish of commercial interest were released on the basis of their biology and their ability to find suitable or unfavorable habitat. As for fish with ecological issues, they were released downstream of Singrobo, in the favorable waters of the Voluntary Nature Reserve (RNV) in creation. This operation was carried out by the professor's team. OUATTARA Alassane, Director of LEBA-UNA with the administrative authorization of the Directorate General of Fisheries Resources and supervision of the GSPM. Ecological monitoring will be carried out by the team for fifteen years funded by IHE.Crocodile backup capture
In order to compensate for the residual impacts of the project on species with a threat status (IUCN Red List), in particular the three species of crocodiles present in Côte d'Ivoire, namely Mecistops cataphractus, Crocodylus suchus, and Osteolaemus sp. nov. aff. Tetraspissur, a backup capture was made on the left bank of the Bandama river near the village of Singrobo. This backup capture was carried out by a team of crocodile specialists from the Environment and Aquatic Biology Laboratory of Nangui-Abrogoua University (LEBA-UNA), the Department of Wildlife and Hunting Resources (DFRC ), the Abidjan National Zoo (ZNA) of the Ministry of Water and Forests (MINEF), the Group of Military Firefighters (GSPM), the IHE Biodiversity Coordinator and the Villagers. Twelve crocodiles in two species (M. Cataphractus and C. suchus) were captured and transported to ZNA for temporary captivity in a brand new basin built by PAHSA until their release on a suitable natural site.Signing of clearing certificates begins
Signing of clearing certificates beginsinformation meeting for the signing of the compensation certificate
information meeting for the signing of the compensation certificate